CCIRN Meeting Minutes
I. Meeting Attendees
Kilnam Chon (Co-Chair) KAIST KR firstname.lastname@example.org
Shoichiro Asano NACSIS JP email@example.com
Shigeki Goto Waseda Un./ APAN JP firstname.lastname@example.org
Yasuichi Kitamura APAN JP email@example.com
Kazunori Konishi APAN JP firstname.lastname@example.org
Xing Li CERNET CN email@example.com
Jong-Jin Park APAN KR firstname.lastname@example.org
Yoshiro Yoneya APAN JP email@example.com
Kees Neggers (Co-Chair) SURFnet NL firstname.lastname@example.org
Karel Vietsch (Info. Coord.) TERENA Eur. email@example.com
Lajos Balint Hungarnet-NIIF Hungary H48BAL@ELLA.HU
Franck Boissiere EC EC firstname.lastname@example.org
Jan Gruntorad CESNET/CEENET Czech email@example.com
Olivier Martin CERN Switz firstname.lastname@example.org
George Strawn (Co-Chair) NSF US email@example.com
Grant Miller (Info.Coord.) NCO US firstname.lastname@example.org
Heather Boyles Internet2 US email@example.com
Latin America and the Caribbean delegation:
Florencio Utreras REUNA/ENRED Chile firstname.lastname@example.org
Ted Hanss Internet2 US email@example.com
John Jamison STAR-TAP/Juniper US firstname.lastname@example.org
David Lassner Un of Hawaii US email@example.com
Joe Mambretti NWU/MREN. US firstname.lastname@example.org
Meeting Co-Chairs: Kilnam Chon (Asia-Pacific), Kees Neggers (Europe),
and George Strawn (NorthAmerica)
1. 1. Opening
The meeting was co-chaired by the attending Continental Co-Chairs, Kilnam Chon,
Asian-Pacific Co-Chair, Kees Neggers, European Co-Chair, and George Strawn, North-
American Co-Chair. The attendees introduced themselves. The observers were welcomed.
2. Working Group Reports
A discussion was held among the CCIRN representatives on whether to disband
CCIRN working groups that are not currently functioning. It was the sense of the
meeting that working groups with an active chair, an action agenda, and that are meeting
should be retained. Those working groups that do not have a designated chair and are not
meeting should be disbanded.
Digital Video Working Group (DVWG)
Joe Mambretti reported on the activities of the Digital Video Working Group
(DVWG). This WG was approved at the last CCIRN meeting. It organized an
international showcase for the INET Conference using the IGRID application. Thirty-
five researchers in ten countries successfully demonstrated the first global video network
by connecting fifteen international networks. Working collectively across the networking
fabrics enabled solution of the technical problems. Evaluation of the demonstration
identified that there are many useful technologies and tools in existence. Many tools and
capabilities known only at the local (network) level need to be advertised globally to
make them available to a wider range of end users. The evaluation also identified that
there is a suite of technologies that need to be developed. Participants in the
demonstration included Sweden, CERN, Korea, Singapore, US, Canada and others. The
participants agreed to continue to work on the demonstrated capabilities to increase the
capabilities and speed in the future.
Near term activities of the WG will include advertising local activities and tools
that have global use, such as multicast. The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) will
be asked to consider formulating standards for digital video so users can easily plug into
a fabric instead of hand-crafting a custom capability each time they develop a digital
video capability. Standards for media objects are needed for intercontinental transactions.
The Digital Video WG meshes very heterogeneous networking environments.
The greatest challenges are to mechanize the current manual routing and getting
dedication of networking resources for the duration of a demonstration using existing
CCIRN representatives congratulated the Digital Video WG on their
accomplishments. It was discussed that CCIRN can encourage coordination and
communication among researchers and identify new opportunities in IPv6 and
international DiffServ (an IETF differentiated services protocol).
The DVWG indicated they would be willing to demonstrate IGRID at future
INET conferences if it can be done with less effort. The WG has an interest in working
on intercontinental high performance networks at greater than OC3 speeds, as they
become available. They also have an interest in showcasing high-resolution art
applications in the future.
One application demonstrated by the DVWG IGRID was interactive high
definition media. The Virtual Institute for Materials Sciences participated in developing
this demonstration. It creates an on-line virtual University for Materials Science. They
have developed a capability for identifying materials sciences resources on-line using
artificial intelligence techniques. They are working on on-line instrumentation, access to
data bases worldwide, and networking to enable these applications. Currently three
countries are participating in this project with plans to enlarge the number of country
participants to ten and to extend the capabilities to international laboratories.
Measurement Working Group (MWG)
Yasuichi Kitamura reported on the MWG. They planned to meet at each IETF
meeting. Last year they met in Oslo and discussed Asian and North American activities.
Several ad hoc meetings were also held. The MWG identified that CCIRN members
have limited networking resources for measurement but measurement of security
capabilities should take place.
There is a need to reconstruct the mailing list of the MWG, to initiate email
contact, and to generate a program of activities. The CCIRN members indicated that they
should continue trying to develop an active program over the next year. If there is no
member response over the next year, the group should be disbanded. It was suggested
that the CCIRN MWG could coordinate with Internet2 (I2) activities in measurement. I2
is holding a joint technology meeting in January. If I2 will consider coordinating
measurement in South America and Africa, joint cooperation would be appropriate. If I2
can not provide measurement activities for those continents, then CCIRN will need its
own measurement activities to address those continents.
Action Item: Joe Mambretti will coordinate with the CCIRN MWG. He already provides
measurement for the IGRID applications being demonstrated. He will report to the next
CCIRN on his measurement activities.
Mbone Working Group (MbWG)
Karel Vietsch reported on the MbWG. This working group has no permanent
chair. TERENA organized a July 1999 meeting in Oslo chaired by Sabatino with
approximately 12 attendees. The meeting provided exchange of expertise and
experiences in enabling the Mbone. The group agreed to ad hoc meetings to exchange
practical information but it has not met in over a year. However, discussions were held
during the year on APAN transfers to DANTE. The opinion was expressed that the
MbWG provides a mechanism to coordinate among network operators. However,
Internet2 provides a coordination group for Mbone that has been effective at the
operational level. It was resolved to dissolve the MbWG.
Quality of Service Working Group (QWG)
The QWG was active at the launching of the Internet2 Qbone. DiffServ and
Quality of Service (QOS) have progressed to the point where this working group has not
met in one and a half years. Work on QOS continues in Asia and Europe on technical
development of QOS capabilities.
Ben Teitelbaum of I2 is working on the Qbone and bandwidth brokers. Europe
directly participates in the I2 working group. The Abilene network is working with I2 to
implement DiffServ on Abilene.
In the Asian environment there is currently little bandwidth so QOS is of greater
concern than in the US and Europe. The CCIRN QWG could be effective for the
exchange of information on work being done on each continent. CCIRN members asked
if the QWG could be reorganized to become more effective in the exchange of
information. It could provide coordination with the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF)
that is working on QOS implementations.
AI: Karel Vietsch will coordinate with Heather Boyles to develop a BOF meeting of key
international experts on QOS at the October I2 meeting.
Multi Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) is also an enabler for QOS using IP over
optics. MPLS will be used for switching from one lambda to another and implementing
resilience on the network (self-healing). MPLS is currently implemented in a single
domain so implementing it across networks is not possible. A standard is needed. The
IETF is working on MPLS.
Network Storage Working Group (NSWG)
The NSWG was organized at last year’s CCIRN meeting. They were to meet at
the I2 Seattle meeting. Micah Beck developed a proposal for the NSWG that has not
materialized. The working group has not been coordinating.
Akamai has been asking organizations to use the organization bandwidth in return
for access to services on the Akamai servers. Akamai controls the content. The CCIRN
members recommended developing a policy for control of content for consistency across
the CCIRN member networks.
Action Item: Kilnam Chon will identify a person to coordinate a BOF meeting at the
January, Hawaii APAN-Internet2 meeting to discuss the development of a policy for
control of content for cooperation with Akamai and other organizations.
3. Regional Reports
Kees Neggers, Franck Boissiere, Jan Gruntorad and Karel Vietsch provided the
European regional report.
DANTE is the agency of the national research networks that organizes and manages the
European backbone. DANTE also provides to several national research networks Trans-
Atlantic connectivity. Additionally, several advanced European countries have their
own links to the US (New York City, or STAR-TAP). The Geant backbone will replace
the TEN-155 backbone. It will interconnect the national research networks of 30
countries, including Eastern European nations. It will be funded by a four-year project to
expand the scope of European connectivity with a total budget of 250 million Euros. It
will provide a production quality network that allows for research activities as well. It
will deploy a multigigabit infrastructure in Europe. Further plans of the European Union
in the context of the eEurope Action Plan are to establish beyond Geant a European
research networking infrastructure with each country as soon as possible having 100
Megabits of connectivity.
CEENet, the Central and Eastern Networking Association has 25 member countries,
including Mongolia. It provides for an exchange of ideas and know-how, and workshops
for technical, policy, and managerial issues. Their URL is www.ceenet.org
Collaborative innovative technical development work, with participation of national
research networks and many universities and research institutes, is organized by
TERENA. Current TERENA trends and events include:
- The TERENA Web caching activity has concluded. Commercial companies
are offering Web caching alternatives.
- A network storage activity is starting up
- Testing of lower-layer technologies has been done by a task force called TF-TANT,
which ran the test program associated with the project that funded TEN-155. That project
coming to an end, one or more new task forces will be established to undertake further
testing activities, also in new areas such as optical switching.
- A task force on streaming media has been established
- Coordination among Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) has been established.
Both research networks and commercial providers are involved.
- A June workshop on middleware was held with European and US attendees. Activities in
this area will be established.
The primary networking activities in South America are taking place in Chile,
Mexico and Brazil. At the end of 1998, Chile had an OC3 network implementing ATM
over fiber. They had a 32 Mbps satellite link to the US, a 20 Mbps commodity link to the
US and a 12 Mbps Internet2 link. In December 2000 a 45 Mbps optic fiber link
implementing ATM is to be completed using the Global Crossing fabric. In March, 2001
this connectivity is scheduled to be increased to 2 x 45 Mbps using the Global Crossing
fabric. Bandwidth prices in Chile have been decreasing. 32 Mbps connectivity to the US
costs $32,000 per month. Prices are approximately 5 times US and European prices and
are likely to remain at that ratio.
The Mexican Corporation for Internet Development (CUDI) is developing
Mexican university connectivity. All Mexican universities are involved. It is providing a
155 Mbps ATM backbone service with 34 Mbps links to the major universities. CUDI
will connect to San Diego and Texas at 45 Mbps.
The Brazilian research network is RNP2, which provides Metropolitan Area
Networks of up to 622 Mbps. They are joining the South American Internet2 project.
There are 79 organizations in academia and government participating in Brazil.
The AMPATH Project with Florida University is providing Internet2 connectivity
to the Miami Gigapop. Global Crossing is donating the connectivity for a three-year
period of time. Global Crossing is providing transit from Miami to the STAR-TAP. It is
scheduled to be running by March 2001. It will provide connectivity to Brazil at 45
Mbps. Connectivity will also be provided to Chile, Columbia, and Argentina.
The InterSUD collaboration among South American countries (Brazil, Bolivia,
Chile and Argentina) has been redefined. Training, coordination and collaboration
among organizations is taking place. However, the cost of network links has precluded
The Gemini telescope project is talking to Chile about the possibility of
cooperating on the use of bandwidth for the Chilean networks. The Hawaiian telescope
community is also cooperating on connectivity. The Mauna Kea telescopes are all
connected through the Internet2 infrastructure to provide US connectivity. They are
eager for completion of connectivity to the Chilean telescopes.
The international astronomy data-processing center, which is located in the
Netherlands, is talking to SURFnet to provide international connectivity among
telescopes and to provide international data access.
Japanese telescopes are using high performance connections to access high
performance processing located in Tokyo.
George Strawn provided a report on US research networking activities. The NSF
is no longer funding domestic research connectivity. The CANARIE network of Canada
is the world leader in dark fiber deployment. It is approximately 100 times cheaper than
commercial capacity in Canada.
The Large Scale Networking (LSN) Program of the US Federal agencies is in a
planning phase for follow-on activities to the Next Generation Internet (NGI) Programs
that will be discontinued in FY2002. The US Presidents Information Technology
Advisory Committee (PITAC) is also providing guidance on US Federal network
research programs. The US will share its networking research planning document when
it becomes available.
The Energy and Sciences Network (ESnet) of the US Department of Energy is
changing providers from Sprint to Qwest. The National Science Foundation (NSF) has
completed its funding of the vBNS network. The NSF has approved a no-cost extension
of the vBNS service by MCI-WorldCom. A number of universities that had been on the
vBNS are switching to Abilene backbone network service.
The US PITAC recommended a 50 percent increase in US Federal agency
funding for Information Technology (IT) research. The networking portion of the IT
programs is called Scalable Information Infrastructure (SII). The NSF will announce first
year awards for SII next month. The US Terascale computing initiative will provide
teraflop machines on-line. One machine will be purchased in FY 2001, and one
additional machine after that.
The NSF has been planning its funding to networking infrastructure. It is looking
at support to applications and middleware. Success of the connectivity for the astronomy
community is providing exciting new capabilities for services and data exchanges.
Future funding for the astronomy community connectivity may be provided jointly by the
NSF science office and the networking office.
Supernet has been deployed in the US. It is a fiber optic coast to coast network
supporting research and applications development at network speeds up to 40 Gbps and
using IP over WDM. Approximately 20 sites on Supernet provide end user access to the
CCIRN discussion provided the concern that a lack of NSF funding for
infrastructure may result in lack of an open infrastructure, particularly for the research
Ted Hanss of Internet2 reported on the US activities in middleware. Ken
Klingenstein of Internet2 gave a presentation in a British workshop on Version 9 of
Eduperson, an authentication scheme.. A dozen institutions committed to adopting best
practice middleware. Several researchers are now engaged on identifying best practice
middleware. They are beginning to consider the topic of authorization.
Applications are being given a high priority at Internet2 this year. They are
focusing on discipline areas with a view to identifying how to foster a major leap
forward in applications. Applications of emphasis include healthcare applications such as
the Open Healthcare project and the Visible Human Project and visual arts applications.
Internet2 is also working on crosscutting technologies such as digital video, creating a
portal interface where a user can become aware of live events or cued to data of particular
interest to the user. It will enable queries across multiple repositories and information
resources.Internet2 is considering how to raise user awareness without going to the great
xpense of supporting one-off demonstrations that require extensive resources. One
approach is to implement a pervasive use of digital video. A portable GRID access node
is being constructed. This was used to support the INET GRID demonstrations.
For education applications a pervasive video-conferencing capability is needed.
Internet2 is pursuing the Shiboleth project, which needs to be coded by IBM so
that people can use it.
The Japanese Prime Minister is interested in security on the network. This is a
igh-priority, long-term project in Japan A. group has been established to study security
issues in the medical area. Japan has also established a data library system that deals
with conventional libraries now. It allows access to the content of published papers.
This capability will be extended to other areas.
5. Intercontinental connectivity
Science Technology and Research-Transit Access Point (STAR-TAP)
John Jamison of Juniper discussed the status of the STAR-TAP. Over 20
networks are now attached to the STAR-TAP. Several Latin American countries are in
the process of being connected. Most connecting networks peer at the STAR-TAP
router, some peer directly, some both at the STAR-TAP router and directly. STAR-TAP
has implemented the 6TAP, which supports IPv6, Web cache, and an Active
Measurement Platform (AMP) device that measures network performance. Teleglobe
and Cable and Wireless have been certified by STAR-TAP to provide transit services to
the STAR-TAP from international networks that land at distributed sites such as New
York City, Los Angeles, and Miami. Some networks, such as the ones that have their
transatlantic connectivity provided by DANTE, have no direct connection to the STAR-
TAP now but will also be able to connect in the future by using the transit services.
The NSF will fund STAR-TAP for three more years. Ten to fifteen additional
research networks are expected to connect to the STAR-TAP over the next year.
The IGRID demonstrations at INET were expedited by the consistency of
the connection to the STAR-TAP. Juniper is considering donating a new router (M20) to
the project within the next tow months. It will support MPLS.
APAN is looking for a European connection now. A 15 Mbps SINET connection
to Europe goes through San Jose in the US. It connects to TEN-155 and is compliant
with the TEN-155 Acceptable Use Policy (AUP). This link is contracted with KDD but
will move to NTT and be increased to 35 Mbps. On October 1, 2000 they will go to
STAR-TAP in San Jose (distributed STAR-TAP) at 50 Mbps. Most Asian connectivity
to Europe goes through North America since Trans-Asia connectivity is very expensive
compared to Trans-Atlantic connectivity. APAN provides connectivity of Japan, Korea,
and Singapore to the US. Other Asian participants in APAN are generally connected to
the US through Japan. The APII project of APAN will be completed in March 2001.
AI3 is satellite based. The Ministry of Posts and Telegraph (MPT) of Japan funds the
KU band. The C band is funded by the satellite company. Sri Lanka and Nepal are
planning to join AI3. Vietnam connectivity is pending.
The Korean government has lanced a political initiative to establish a direct link
between the research networks in Europe and Korea by early next year.
In the next month wavelengths will be available on Trans-Atlantic cables. No
wavelengths are available yet on Trans-Pacific cables. The China/US cable ring will be
completed next year to provide self-healing. Australia is connecting to APAN through
Southern Crossroads at 150 Mbps.
6. Future CCIRN Considerations
CCIRN meetings and STAR-TAP meetings should be combined to provide
coordination if possible.
The next CCIRN meeting will be June 9, 2001 in Stockholm, Sweden following
the co-located INET meeting of June 5-8, 2001. Kees Negers will chair this meeting.
CCIRN will consider teleconferencing at the next meeting if it is required to enable a
If possible, meetings in Stockholm should be arranged such that the STAR TAP
meeting takes place on Friday afternoon June 8th, followed by a half-day CCIRN
meeting on Saturday morning June 9th. If this combination us not possible, then the
CCIRN meeting on June 9th may need to be a full-day event.
AI: Karel Vietsch will have responsibility for making the arrangements for the June 9,
2001 CCIRN meeting in Stockholm
AI: Karel Vietsch will contact Tom DeFanti about possibly combining the STAR TAP
and CCIRN meetings on Friday afternoon June 8th and Saturday morning June 9th.
AI: Grant Miller will provide a briefing on JET activities at the next CCIRN meeting
AI: IPv6 should be placed on the agenda of the next CCIRN meeting as a discussion topic.
AI: John Jamison will determine the status of IPv6 activities. If an IPv6 group is
currently meeting, a representative should be invited to the CCIRN meeting to give a
Internet2 has an IPv6 working group that meets three times a year. This provides
a good venue for the IPv6 community to interact.
A dinner will precede the next CCIRN meeting on Friday night for CCIRN
members wishing to attend.
The CCIRN members give thanks to our Japanese hosts for their support of this
Yokohama meeting, especially all the local arrangements they provided.