CCIRN Meeting Minutes                                


Yokohama, Japan


I. Meeting Attendees


Asia-Pacific delegation:

Kilnam Chon         (Co-Chair)            KAIST                     KR

Shoichiro Asano                        NACSIS                   JP

Shigeki Goto                                     Waseda Un./ APAN  JP

Yasuichi Kitamura               APAN                       JP

Kazunori Konishi                        APAN                      JP

Xing Li                                              CERNET                  CN

Jong-Jin Park                                    APAN                      KR

Yoshiro Yoneya                                 APAN                      JP


European delegation:

Kees Neggers (Co-Chair)          SURFnet                  NL

Karel Vietsch (Info. Coord.)       TERENA                 Eur.

Lajos Balint                                Hungarnet-NIIF       Hungary  H48BAL@ELLA.HU

Franck Boissiere                        EC                           EC

Jan Gruntorad                            CESNET/CEENET  Czech

Olivier Martin                             CERN                     Switz


North-American delegation:

George Strawn (Co-Chair)              NSF                 US

Grant Miller (Info.Coord.)          NCO                       US

Heather Boyles                           Internet2           US


Latin America and the Caribbean delegation:

Florencio Utreras                       REUNA/ENRED     Chile



Ted Hanss                                  Internet2           US

John Jamison                              STAR-TAP/Juniper  US

David Lassner                            Un of Hawaii       US

Joe Mambretti                     NWU/MREN.         US


Meeting Co-Chairs: Kilnam Chon (Asia-Pacific), Kees Neggers (Europe), and George Strawn (NorthAmerica)
II. Proceedings


1.      1.  Opening


The meeting was co-chaired by the attending Continental Co-Chairs, Kilnam Chon,

 Asian-Pacific Co-Chair, Kees Neggers, European Co-Chair, and George Strawn, North-

American Co-Chair.  The attendees introduced themselves.  The observers were welcomed.


2. Working Group Reports


A discussion was held among the CCIRN representatives on whether to disband

CCIRN working groups that are not currently functioning.  It was the sense of the

meeting that working groups with an active chair, an action agenda, and that are meeting

should be retained.  Those working groups that do not have a designated chair and are not

meeting should be disbanded.


Digital Video Working Group (DVWG)


              Joe Mambretti reported on the activities of the Digital Video Working Group

(DVWG).  This WG was approved at the last CCIRN meeting.  It organized an

international showcase for the INET Conference using the IGRID application.  Thirty-

five researchers in ten countries successfully demonstrated the first global video network

by connecting fifteen international networks.  Working collectively across the networking

fabrics enabled solution of the technical problems.  Evaluation of the demonstration

identified that there are many useful technologies and tools in existence.  Many tools and

capabilities known only at the local (network) level need to be advertised globally to

make them available to a wider range of end users.  The evaluation also identified that

there is a suite of technologies that need to be developed.  Participants in the

demonstration included Sweden, CERN, Korea, Singapore, US, Canada and others.  The

participants agreed to continue to work on the demonstrated capabilities to increase the

capabilities and speed in the future.

              Near term activities of the WG will include advertising local activities and tools

that have global use, such as multicast.  The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) will

be asked to consider formulating standards for digital video so users can easily plug into

a fabric instead of hand-crafting a custom capability each time they develop a digital

video capability.  Standards for media objects are needed for intercontinental transactions.

              The Digital Video WG meshes very heterogeneous networking environments.

The greatest challenges are to mechanize the current manual routing and getting

dedication of networking resources for the duration of a demonstration using existing

 networking resources.

              CCIRN representatives congratulated the Digital Video WG on their

accomplishments.  It was discussed that CCIRN can encourage coordination and

communication among researchers and identify new opportunities in IPv6 and

international DiffServ (an IETF differentiated services protocol).

              The DVWG indicated they would be willing to demonstrate IGRID at future

INET conferences if it can be done with less effort.  The WG has an interest in working

on intercontinental high performance networks at greater than OC3 speeds, as they

become available.  They also have an interest in showcasing high-resolution art

applications in the future.

              One application demonstrated by the DVWG IGRID was interactive high

definition media.  The Virtual Institute for Materials Sciences participated in developing

this demonstration.  It creates an on-line virtual University for Materials Science.  They

have developed a capability for identifying materials sciences resources on-line using

artificial intelligence techniques.  They are working on on-line instrumentation, access to

data bases worldwide, and networking to enable these applications.  Currently three

 countries are participating in this project with plans to enlarge the number of country

participants to ten and to extend the capabilities to international laboratories.


Measurement Working Group (MWG)

              Yasuichi Kitamura reported on the MWG.  They planned to meet at each IETF

meeting.  Last year they met in Oslo and discussed Asian and North American activities.

 Several ad hoc meetings were also held.  The MWG identified that CCIRN members

have limited networking resources for measurement but measurement of security

capabilities should take place.

              There is a need to reconstruct the mailing list of the MWG, to initiate email

contact, and to generate a program of activities.  The CCIRN members indicated that they

should continue trying to develop an active program over the next year.  If there is no

 member response over the next year, the group should be disbanded.  It was suggested

that the CCIRN MWG could coordinate with Internet2 (I2) activities in measurement.  I2

 is holding a joint technology meeting in January.  If I2 will consider coordinating

measurement in South America and Africa, joint cooperation would be appropriate.  If I2

can not provide measurement activities for those continents, then CCIRN will need its

own measurement activities to address those continents.


Action Item: Joe Mambretti will coordinate with the CCIRN MWG.  He already provides

measurement for the IGRID applications being demonstrated.  He will report to the next

CCIRN on his measurement activities.


Mbone Working Group (MbWG)

              Karel Vietsch reported on the MbWG.  This working group has no permanent

chair.  TERENA organized a July 1999 meeting in Oslo chaired by Sabatino with

approximately 12 attendees.  The meeting provided exchange of expertise and

experiences in enabling the Mbone.  The group agreed to ad hoc meetings to exchange

practical information but it has not met in over a year.  However, discussions were held

during the year on APAN transfers to DANTE.  The opinion was expressed that the

MbWG provides a mechanism to coordinate among network operators.  However,

Internet2 provides a coordination group for Mbone that has been effective at the

operational level.  It was resolved to dissolve the MbWG.


Quality of Service Working Group (QWG)


              The QWG was active at the launching of the Internet2 Qbone.  DiffServ and

Quality of Service (QOS) have progressed to the point where this working group has not

met in one and a half years.  Work on QOS continues in Asia and Europe on technical

development of QOS capabilities. 

              Ben Teitelbaum of I2 is working on the Qbone and bandwidth brokers.  Europe

directly participates in the I2 working group.  The Abilene network is working with I2 to

implement DiffServ on Abilene. 

              In the Asian environment there is currently little bandwidth so QOS is of greater

 concern than in the US and Europe.  The CCIRN QWG could be effective for the

exchange of information on work being done on each continent.  CCIRN members asked

if the QWG could be reorganized to become more effective in the exchange of

information.  It could provide coordination with the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF)

that is working on QOS implementations. 


AI: Karel Vietsch will coordinate with Heather Boyles to develop a BOF meeting of key

international experts on QOS at the October I2 meeting.


              Multi Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) is also an enabler for QOS using IP over

optics.  MPLS will be used for switching from one lambda to another and implementing

resilience on the network (self-healing).  MPLS is currently implemented in a single

domain so implementing it across networks is not possible.  A standard is needed.  The

IETF is working on MPLS.


Network Storage Working Group (NSWG)


              The NSWG was organized at last year’s CCIRN meeting.  They were to meet at

the I2 Seattle meeting.  Micah Beck developed a proposal for the NSWG that has not

materialized.  The working group has not been coordinating.

              Akamai has been asking organizations to use the organization bandwidth in return

for access to services on the Akamai servers.  Akamai controls the content.  The CCIRN

members recommended developing a policy for control of content for consistency across

the CCIRN member networks.


Action Item:  Kilnam Chon will identify a person to coordinate a BOF meeting at the

January, Hawaii APAN-Internet2 meeting to discuss the development of a policy for

control of content for cooperation with Akamai and other organizations.




3. Regional Reports




              Kees Neggers, Franck Boissiere, Jan Gruntorad and Karel Vietsch provided the

European regional report. 


DANTE is the agency of the national research networks that organizes and manages the

European backbone. DANTE also provides to several national research networks Trans-

Atlantic connectivity.  Additionally, several advanced  European countries have their

own links to the US (New York City, or STAR-TAP).  The Geant backbone will replace

the TEN-155 backbone.  It will interconnect the national research networks of 30

countries, including Eastern European nations.  It will be funded by a four-year project to

expand the scope of European connectivity with a total budget of 250 million Euros.  It

will provide a production quality network that allows for research activities as well.  It

will deploy a multigigabit infrastructure in Europe. Further plans of the European Union

in the context of the eEurope Action Plan are to establish beyond Geant a European

research networking infrastructure  with each country as soon as possible having 100

Megabits of connectivity.


CEENet, the Central and Eastern Networking Association has 25 member countries,

including Mongolia.  It provides for an exchange of ideas and know-how, and workshops

for technical, policy, and managerial issues.  Their URL is


Collaborative innovative technical development work, with participation of national

research networks and many universities and research institutes, is organized by

TERENA.  Current TERENA trends and events include:

- The TERENA Web caching activity has concluded.  Commercial companies     

are offering Web caching alternatives.

- A network storage activity is starting up

- Testing of lower-layer technologies has been done by a task force called TF-TANT,

which ran the test program associated with the project that funded TEN-155. That project

coming to an end, one or more new task forces will be established to undertake further

testing activities, also in new areas such as optical switching.

- A task force on streaming media has been established

- Coordination among Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) has been established.

Both research networks and commercial providers are involved.

- A June workshop on middleware was held with European and US attendees.  Activities in

this area will be established.


Latin America


              The primary networking activities in South America are taking place in Chile,

Mexico and Brazil.  At the end of 1998, Chile had an OC3 network implementing ATM

over fiber.  They had a 32 Mbps satellite link to the US, a 20 Mbps commodity link to the

US and a 12 Mbps Internet2 link.  In December 2000 a 45 Mbps optic fiber link

implementing ATM is to be completed using the Global Crossing fabric.  In March, 2001

this connectivity is scheduled to be increased to 2 x 45 Mbps using the Global Crossing

fabric.  Bandwidth prices in Chile have been decreasing.  32 Mbps connectivity to the US

costs $32,000 per month.  Prices are approximately 5 times US and European prices and

are likely to remain at that ratio.


              The Mexican Corporation for Internet Development (CUDI) is developing

Mexican university connectivity.  All Mexican universities are involved.  It is providing a

155 Mbps ATM backbone service with 34 Mbps links to the major universities.  CUDI

will connect to San Diego and Texas at 45 Mbps.


              The Brazilian research network is RNP2, which provides Metropolitan Area

Networks of up to 622 Mbps.  They are joining the South American Internet2 project.

 There are 79 organizations in academia and government participating in Brazil.


              The AMPATH Project with Florida University is providing Internet2 connectivity

to the Miami Gigapop.  Global Crossing is donating the connectivity for a three-year

period of time.  Global Crossing is providing transit from Miami to the STAR-TAP.  It is

scheduled to be running by March 2001.  It will provide connectivity to Brazil at 45

Mbps.  Connectivity will also be provided to Chile, Columbia, and Argentina.

              The InterSUD collaboration among South American countries (Brazil, Bolivia,

Chile and Argentina) has been redefined.  Training, coordination and collaboration

among organizations is taking place.  However, the cost of network links has precluded

physical connections.


              The Gemini telescope project is talking to Chile about the possibility of

cooperating on the use of bandwidth for the Chilean networks.  The Hawaiian telescope

community is also cooperating on connectivity.  The Mauna Kea telescopes are all

connected through the Internet2 infrastructure to provide US connectivity.  They are

eager for completion of connectivity to the Chilean telescopes.

              The international astronomy data-processing center, which is located in the

Netherlands, is talking to SURFnet to provide international connectivity among

telescopes and to provide international data access.

              Japanese telescopes are using high performance connections to access high

performance processing located in Tokyo.



North America

              George Strawn provided a report on US research networking activities.  The NSF

 is no longer funding domestic research connectivity.  The CANARIE network of Canada

is the world leader in dark fiber deployment.  It is approximately 100 times cheaper than

commercial capacity in Canada.

              The Large Scale Networking (LSN) Program of the US Federal agencies is in a

planning phase for follow-on activities to the Next Generation Internet (NGI) Programs

that will be discontinued in FY2002.  The US Presidents Information Technology

Advisory Committee (PITAC) is also providing guidance on US Federal network

research programs.  The US will share its networking research planning document when

it becomes available.

              The Energy and Sciences Network (ESnet) of the US Department of Energy is

changing providers from Sprint to Qwest.  The National Science Foundation (NSF) has

completed its funding of the vBNS network.  The NSF has approved a no-cost extension

of the vBNS service by MCI-WorldCom.  A number of universities that had been on the

vBNS are switching to Abilene backbone network service. 

              The US PITAC recommended a 50 percent increase in US Federal agency

funding for Information Technology (IT) research.  The networking portion of the IT

programs is called Scalable Information Infrastructure (SII).  The NSF will announce first

year awards for SII next month.  The US Terascale computing initiative will provide

teraflop machines on-line.  One machine will be purchased in FY 2001, and one

additional machine after that.

              The NSF has been planning its funding to networking infrastructure.  It is looking

at support to applications and middleware.  Success of the connectivity for the astronomy

community is providing exciting new capabilities for services and data exchanges. 

Future funding for the astronomy community connectivity may be provided jointly by the

NSF science office and the networking office.

              Supernet has been deployed in the US.  It is a fiber optic coast to coast network

supporting research and applications development at network speeds up to 40 Gbps and

using IP over WDM.  Approximately 20 sites on Supernet provide end user access to the


              CCIRN discussion provided the concern that a lack of NSF funding for

infrastructure may result in lack of an open infrastructure, particularly for the research



4. Middleware and Applications

              Ted Hanss of Internet2 reported on the US activities in middleware.  Ken

Klingenstein of Internet2 gave a presentation in a British workshop on Version 9 of

Eduperson, an authentication scheme..  A dozen institutions committed to adopting best

practice middleware.  Several researchers are now engaged on identifying best practice

middleware.  They are beginning to consider the topic of authorization.


              Applications are being given a high priority at Internet2 this year.  They are

 focusing on discipline areas with a view to identifying how to foster a major leap

forward in applications.  Applications of emphasis include healthcare applications such as

 the Open Healthcare project and the Visible Human Project and visual arts applications. 

Internet2 is also working on crosscutting technologies such as digital video, creating a

portal interface where a user can become aware of live events or cued to data of particular

interest to the user.  It will enable queries across multiple repositories and information

resources.Internet2 is considering how to raise user awareness without going to the great

xpense of supporting one-off demonstrations that require extensive resources.  One

 approach is to implement a pervasive use of digital video.  A portable GRID access node

 is being constructed.  This was used to support the INET GRID demonstrations.

For education applications a pervasive video-conferencing capability is needed.

 Internet2 is pursuing the Shiboleth project, which needs to be coded by IBM so

that people can use it.


The Japanese Prime Minister is interested in security on the network.  This is a

 igh-priority, long-term project in Japan  A. group has been established to study security

 issues in the medical area.  Japan has also established a data library system that deals

with conventional libraries now.  It allows access to the content of published papers.

 This capability will be extended to other areas.


5. Intercontinental connectivity


Science Technology and Research-Transit Access Point (STAR-TAP)


John Jamison of Juniper discussed the status of the STAR-TAP.  Over 20

networks are now attached to the STAR-TAP.  Several Latin American countries are in

 the process of being connected.  Most connecting networks peer at the STAR-TAP

router, some peer directly, some both at the STAR-TAP router and directly.  STAR-TAP

has implemented the 6TAP, which supports IPv6, Web cache, and an Active

Measurement Platform (AMP) device that measures network performance.  Teleglobe

and Cable and Wireless have been certified by STAR-TAP to provide transit services to

 the STAR-TAP from international networks that land at distributed sites such as New

York City, Los Angeles, and Miami.  Some networks, such as the ones that have their

transatlantic connectivity provided by DANTE, have  no direct connection to the STAR-

TAP  now but will also be able to connect in the future by using the transit services.

The NSF will fund STAR-TAP for three more years.  Ten to fifteen additional

research networks are expected to connect to the STAR-TAP over the next year. 

  The IGRID demonstrations at INET were expedited by the consistency of

the connection to the STAR-TAP.  Juniper is considering donating a new router (M20) to

the project within the next tow months.  It will support MPLS. 


Asian Network Architecture


APAN is looking for a European connection now.  A 15 Mbps SINET connection

to Europe goes through San Jose in the US.  It connects to TEN-155 and is compliant

with the TEN-155 Acceptable Use Policy (AUP).  This link is contracted with KDD but

will move to NTT and be increased to 35 Mbps.  On October 1, 2000 they will go to

STAR-TAP in San Jose (distributed STAR-TAP) at 50 Mbps.  Most Asian connectivity

to Europe goes through North America since Trans-Asia connectivity is very expensive

compared to Trans-Atlantic connectivity.  APAN provides connectivity of Japan, Korea,

and Singapore to the US.  Other Asian participants in APAN are generally connected to

the US through Japan.  The APII project of APAN will be completed in March 2001. 

AI3 is satellite based.  The Ministry of Posts and Telegraph (MPT) of Japan funds the

KU band.  The C band is funded by the satellite company.  Sri Lanka and Nepal are

planning to join AI3.  Vietnam connectivity is pending.


The Korean government has lanced a political initiative to establish a direct link

between the research networks in Europe and Korea by early next year.


              In the next month wavelengths will be available on Trans-Atlantic cables.  No

 wavelengths are available yet on Trans-Pacific cables.  The China/US cable ring will be

completed next year to provide self-healing.  Australia is connecting to APAN through

Southern Crossroads at 150 Mbps.


6. Future CCIRN Considerations


CCIRN meetings and STAR-TAP meetings should be combined to provide

coordination if possible.


The next CCIRN meeting will be June 9, 2001 in Stockholm, Sweden following

the co-located INET meeting of June 5-8, 2001.  Kees Negers will chair this meeting.

CCIRN will consider teleconferencing at the next meeting if it is required to enable a



If possible, meetings in Stockholm should be arranged such that the STAR TAP

meeting takes place on Friday afternoon June 8th, followed by a half-day CCIRN

meeting on Saturday morning June 9th. If this combination us not possible, then the

CCIRN meeting on June 9th may need to be a full-day event.


AI: Karel Vietsch will have responsibility for making the arrangements for the June 9,

2001 CCIRN meeting in Stockholm


AI: Karel Vietsch will contact Tom DeFanti about possibly combining the STAR TAP

and CCIRN meetings on Friday afternoon June 8th and Saturday morning June 9th.


AI: Grant Miller will provide a briefing on JET activities at the next CCIRN meeting


AI: IPv6 should be placed on the agenda of the next CCIRN meeting as a discussion topic.


AI: John Jamison will determine the status of IPv6 activities.  If an IPv6 group is

currently meeting, a representative should be invited to the CCIRN meeting to give a



Internet2 has an IPv6 working group that meets three times a year.  This provides

a good venue for the IPv6 community to interact.


A dinner will precede the next CCIRN meeting on Friday night for CCIRN

members wishing to attend.


              The CCIRN members give thanks to our Japanese hosts for their support of this

Yokohama meeting, especially all the local arrangements they provided.